A lot has been said and discussed over NEET Exam Phase I & II. The battle between few Indian states and the Supreme Court over AIMPT (NEET I) and state held examinations seem to finally have an end.
There was so much controversy happening over All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Test, but finally, the dust seems to have settled down. As per the jurisdiction of Supreme Court of India, National Eligibility cum Entrance Test -II will now be conducted on 24th July 2016 by the Central Board of Secondary Education. Also, this exam will be the getaway for admission to MBBS/BDA courses in Medical and Dental colleges throughout India.
The NEET Phase I was already conducted on 1st May 2016. AIPMT has been renamed as NEET Exam Phase I. The entrance exam contained 180 multiple choice questions based on Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
As for the syllabus and paper pattern for NEET exam, both the phases has the same pattern. NEET Phase 1 is an 180-minute examination, comprising 180 multiple choice questions (MCQ’s) from various concepts based on the core subjects of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Each right answer gives the candidate 4 points but there’s negative marking as well. So, for every incorrect answer the candidate loses 1 point.
Now that AIPMT is called as NEET, and its Phase-1 is over, the next phase, the NEET Phase- 2 will be held on July 24, 2016. The second phase of NEET is only for students who did not register for AIPMT (NEET Phase -1) examination. The results for NEET Phase- 2 are expected to be declared on August 17, 2016. A senior official from the Ministry of Health clarified, “Many students are looking at using the opportunity to prepare. We want it to be clear that the second phase test is only for students currently appearing in state examinations. If a student has been given an admit card and does not take the test on that day, he/she will not get another opportunity”
The steps to revise the AIPMT into NEET exam has been officially introduced in the Parliament. Two bills seeking to replace ordinance to keep state boards out of NEET exam was introduced in Lok Sabha on 20th July 2016. The bill has been introduced to bring single common examination on one platform, even private colleges will fall under the ordeal. The AIPMT has now been constitutionally amended as National Eligibility cum Entrance Test examination. Health Minister J.P Nadda introduced the bill in Lok Sabha, seeking amendment of Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 and Dentists Act, 1948 and replace NEET Ordinance.
The health Minister introduced the bill followed by three agenda’s or motive behind it – end the multiplicity of examinations, have fair and transparent examinations and adopt non-exploitative process. He further said that it’s hectic and unfair towards students to travel all the way to different cities to appear for different examination, and if the bill/ legislation is passed there will be an end to this. J.P Nadda said that the exam will be held on the basis of National Council of Education Research and Training (NCERT), also some added benefits will be given to private institutes. “In the syllabus, we will take care of the differences and we will do standardization of syllabus so that rural students can also take care of,” he added.
However, AIADMK members weren’t convinced with the bill and expressed distance in the agenda. Since Tamil Nadu records a reservation up to 85% for their local residents, the party leader seemed stern to even slightly amend/change the criteria. “We are not going to touch the state quota. Students in Tamil Nadu will be competing in Tamil Nadu only. We should be very clear about that” said AIADMK party member.
As far as the fee is concerned, it has been maintained that private institutes will decide their own fees and the fees for government colleges will be determined by the government accordingly. The health minister Nadda has written a letter to all the states seeking details about the number of students to have appeared in the exam in last 3 years to analyze the situation and make a plan accordingly.
The bill was passed in Lok Sabha but PMK leader and Former Union Health Minister Anbumani Ramadoss voiced strong opposition to NEET exam saying it is against “social justice, social equity” apart from doing “gross injustice to rural students”. He has urged the government to take the matter to Supreme Court.